Gernika-Lumo is a town with its own charm, a unique history, a heritage worth highlighting, delicious gastronomy and a natural setting that makes it ones of the most charming municipalities of Urdaibai, Biscay and Euskadi.
Founded in 1366 by Don Tello, whose statue presides over the Plaza de los Fueros, its history took a sharp turn when in 1937 it sustained a tragic bombardment by German planes, destroying 90% of the locality. Curiously, important buildings such as the Casa de Juntas and the Tree of Guernica, and Santa María Church were left untouched. Ever since, Gernika-Lumo has worked on rebuilding from forgiveness and this is evidenced by the Museum of Peace that is housed by the locality to disseminate the culture of peace.
Gernika is a symbol of Basque freedoms, since it is the cradle of the Tree of Gernika and also a municipality that proudly preserves its traditions. Every Monday is the meeting point of the county’s field workers, who bring their best products to the market, the Jai Alai fronton is quite an emblem of cesta punta, and the name Guernica is synonymous with true gastronomic delights, such as the bean and the pepper.